Care of Diabetes

In general, the most effective means of preventing the serious complications of diabetes is to keep blood glucose levels as close to normal as possible.

For people with diabetes mellitus type 1 (DM 1), insulin injections are the primary tool used to control glucose levels. These injections are required when blood glucose levels drop below normal — a condition called hypoglycemia. People with diabetes can use self-monitoring devices (such as the fingerstick) to track their glucose levels.

Hypoglycemia can be fatal if it is not recognized and treated. Because of this, it is important that people with diabetes, as well as their family and friends, can recognize and treat a hypoglycemic reaction.

Diabetes mellitus type 2

The primary means of treating type 2 diabetes (DM2) is through diet and exercise. It is important for someone with DM 2 to limit their consumption of simple sugars, except as needed for emergency treatment of hypoglycemia due to an insulin reaction.

Alternative Therapies

Devices to Take Insulin

Medicines for Diabetes

Non-Invasive Glucose Monitors

Pancreatic Islet Cell Transplantation

Questions to Ask Your Doctor

How Much Should I Eat

What Should I Eat

When Should I Eat


Back to Diabetes Library


Reprinted with permission from the National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse

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