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Online learning resources for diabetes, asthma, hypertension, and nutrition.
Diabetes 101: Learn more about diabetes, managing your blood sugar levels, and your diet.
Diabetes 201: Learn more about diabetes, managing your blood sugars, and your diet.
Asthma 101: Learn more about asthma and dealing with shortness of breath.
Hypertension 101: Learn more about hypertension and managing your blood pressure.
Nutrition 101: Learn more about improving your nutrition and diet

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Lesson 1 - Carbohydrate Counting

Record time

To get the most out of your carbohydrate counting efforts, do these three things:

  • Test your blood glucose several times a day and record your levels before and after each meal.
  • Start keeping track of the carbohydrate you are eating at each meal and snack.
  • Keep accurate records of the following:
  • Times of meals and snacks
  • The time and results of your blood glucose tests
  • Food eaten in terms of carbohydrate grams
  • Time, type, and dosage of oral or insulin medications
  • Type, intensity and duration of exercise
  • Any other factors that can influence your blood glucose level, like illness and stress.

This may take a little organization and patience to get the hang of it, but it will be worth your while. Your accurate records will help you understand how your lifestyle and habits affect your diabetes and will make it easier for you to adjust to the carbohydrate counting system.

Just how much carbohydrate does my bagel have?

Before the carbohydrate counting can begin, you need to figure out how much carbohydrate is in one serving of the foods you typically eat. If you are taking insulin, you'll be matching your insulin to the amount of carbohydrate you are eating, so it's important that you learn to do this meticulously right from the start.

So, how do you do this? A fantastic resource is the Nutrition Facts label on the foods you buy. The label will list the grams of "Total Carbohydrates" in one serving of the food. Be sure to measure out the serving size listed on the food label to ensure that you are accurately counting the carbohydrate content of the portion you are actually eating. There are also computer programs that can analyze the various nutritional components of foods and meals, as well as pamphlets or at fast food places to learn about what you are about to eat.

One word of caution though. Packaged and restaurant foods typically contain 2-3 times the listed serving size, so pay extra attention to how much you are consuming. For example, a can of soup may look like one serving to you, but may contain two servings according to the Nutrition Facts labe. Or, a pasta entrée in a restaurant could have 3 or more servings of pasta mixed in with the other ingredients!

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